Thần Tài là ai? Có bao nhiêu vị Thần Tài? Ngày vía Thần Tài có gì đặc biệt trong tín ngưỡng thờ cúng của người Việt?

Every worldly person living in the human world, everyone has their own religious beliefs and beliefs. In every Vietnamese family, there is an altar in order to receive the protection and blessing of the ancestors.

At the beginning of the year, every spring, people often go to the sacred temples of fortune to ask for “fortune to fall, fortune to scatter”. Most people who seek fortune and fortune, especially those who do business, do business, often worship the God of Wealth to expect the god to give them fortune, luck, favorable business and prosperity.

And those who pray for blessings often respectfully worship the land where they live, hope that you will bless them with good grace, rain and wind, good weather, four seasons without any restrictions, eight periods with good omens, 365 days of the year with good luck. can settle down and work.

Illustration of God of Wealth – Ong Dia

Who is the God of Fortune?

The God of Wealth is an important and familiar deity in Vietnamese beliefs and in some Eastern countries such as China, India, and Tibet. This is the god that is said to bring luck and money.

In particular, business people who want to do business smoothly and happily worship this deity.

Legend of God of Fortune

God of Fortune in Chinese legends

“Au Minh and Nhu Nguyet”

In ancient China, there was a merchant named Au Minh. One day, Au Minh passed through Thanh Thao lake, had a chance to meet Thuy Than and was given a job by a person, called Nhu Nguyet.

From the day Nhu Nguyet came home, Au Minh’s business and business flourished “like a kite in the wind”, winning somewhere, earning a lot of money. The number is that on a Tet holiday, Nhu Nguyet made a mistake and was beaten by Au Minh. Too scared, Nhu Nguyet crawled into the garbage heap in the corner of the house and disappeared, never to be found again. After that incident, Nhu Nguyet was no longer there, Au Minh’s business was constantly broken, losing money and becoming poor.

Therefore, later people thought that Nhu Nguyet was the god of fortune in the house, so there was a custom of worshiping that word.

This is also one of the reasons why Eastern people abstain from sweeping the house on New Year’s Day. It is said that Nhu Nguyet – The god of fortune hides in the garbage heap in the corner of the house, sweeping away the garbage on New Year’s Day is to dump the fortune out of the house.

“Pham Loi”

The legend of Than Tai is associated with the character Pham Lai, a real character in Chinese history. Originally a loyal servant, he helped the country from the brink of destruction to prosperity. Later, because he was tired of competing for the official position, Pham Lai quietly left, changed his name, and then disappeared.

Legend has it that back to the folk, Pham Lai made a living by trading and changed his name to Dao Chau Cong. He was a very good businessman, in a short time he developed his fortune, his house was full of wealth. Most of it was given to the poor by him, keeping only a little capital to continue doing business.

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Thanks to his good heart and good virtues, people revered him as the God of Wealth.

God of Fortune in Indian legends

The God of Wealth in the spiritual conception of the Indians is associated with the god who specializes in giving money to hungry beings, is Bo Dai Arhat or Nhan Yet Da, one of the 18 Arhats. Father Dai Arhat wore a large cloth bag on his back, often went through the forest to catch poisonous snakes, then pulled out their teeth and released them so that they would not harm sentient beings.

The Great Arhat of India is described as always having a happy face, a generous smile, a peaceful mind, so it is a symbol of luck and success. Therefore, this is the God of Wealth worshiped by the Indians.

God of Wealth in Tibetan legends

Tibetan Buddhism worships and worships 5 five-colored Gods of Wealth, including Hoang Than Tai, Bach Than Tai, Hong Than Tai, Lam Than Tai and Hac Than Tai. In which, Hoang Than Tai is the God of Wealth who is the head of the gods who govern the Northern treasury and is also the god most cared for and worshiped by the people.

In the legend handed down, the best known is the story of Hoang Than Tai protecting the Buddha from demons. On that day, the Buddha was preaching at the top of Griddhakuta mountain in the Rajgir region of Central India, when he met demons and spirits from all over the world to cause trouble, causing the sacred mountain to collapse. In that moment, Hoang Than Tai appeared to protect the Buddha and his disciples.

Later, the Buddha recorded, this deity specializes in distributing wealth to sentient beings, helping them to get out of poverty.

God of Fortune in the legend of the Vietnamese people

The god of wealth in Vietnamese spiritual beliefs is Tho Dia – the guardian deity who governs the land and protects people’s peace. In the past, our people went to reclaim land and set up hamlets, full of difficulties and hardships, and the idea of ​​gods formed from there to serve as a spiritual support for them on their way of living.

Tho Dia (God of Earth) is the protector of fruit trees and crops associated with the agricultural civilization of the Vietnamese people since ancient times. This is also the god who looks after and holds money.

In addition, there is a legend about the God of Fortune in folklore associated with the image of Fortune Chan Quan.

Legend has it that, in the past, God of Wealth was the god who ruled money, fortune was only found in heaven. During a drunken drink, he fell to the earth, his head hit a rock, and he fell unconscious. In the morning, the people gathered around, saw a man dressed like a tuong, and wondered. People stripped off the clothes and personal belongings of the God of Fortune to sell. Due to the strong impact, Shen Tai temporarily “lost his memory”, did not remember who he was, and often wandered around begging for food.

One day, when God went to beg for food from a chicken merchant, the roast pig failed, the owner called the beggar to eat. Than Tai was starved for a long time, so he ate a lot, especially roast pork. Strangely, since this beggar came in to eat, guests from everywhere have flocked to, absorbing all the guests in the neighboring shops. Therefore, every day the owner of the restaurant invites the strange beggar to eat.

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Expensive for a long time, the other shop owner made a lot of money and felt “hot” because God of Fortune did nothing, all day he could only eat, but he used to pick it up with his hands. People dressed in rags, smelly, smelly. The thief thought that this beggar would scare the guests away, so the shop owner chased him away.

Opposite the roast pork restaurant, which was once crowded with customers, is now deserted, seeing the owner chase the beggar away, they immediately invited him in to eat. Unexpectedly, customers flocked to this restaurant very crowded.

Seeing this, many people struggled to invite this beggar to their restaurant to eat in order to attract customers.

The people around saw that this God of Wealth was dressed in rags, so they took him to buy new clothes. At the right place where his clothes and belongings were sold, after putting on his clothes and hat, Than Tai remembered everything and flew back to heaven.

Since then, the people have been grateful to him and have set up a church to honor him ever since. The day the god flew back to heaven is also the 10th day of the first lunar month. Therefore, every year on this occasion, everyone chooses January 10 as the day of the God of Wealth to give thanks and wish for abundant money for the whole year.

Who is the God of Fortune?  How many Gods of Wealth are there?  What is special about the origin of the God of Wealth Day in Vietnamese culture and beliefs?  - Photo 3.

Illustration of God of Wealth – Ong Dia

How many Gods of Wealth are there?

In China

In China, there are 9 Gods who give fortune (the Nine Roads of Fortune). In which, there are 5 main people representing the direction: Vuong Hoi (Trung Bin Tai Than) – Center, Ty Can (Tai Loc Chan Quan) – East, Sai Vinh (Genius Tinh Quan) – South, Quan Vo – West , Trieu Cong Minh (Tai Bach Tinh Quan) – North.

In addition, there are 4 other Gods of Fortune, including: Pham Lai, Ly Quy To, Doan Moc Tu, and Luu Hai Thiem.

In Vietnam

The god who holds fortune and distributes wealth in Vietnam is mainly known as: Van Than Tai and Vo Than Tai.

Van Than Tai includes Tai Bach Tinh Quan and Loc Tinh who govern money in the human world. Tai Bach Tinh Quan is identified by the image of a white face, long hair, and majestic appearance.

Who is the God of Fortune?  How many Gods of Wealth are there?  What is special about the day of the God of Fortune in Vietnamese worship?  - Photo 4.

The set of Tam Da Phuc – Loc – Tho means that the house is full of blessings, children are full of flocks, money is full of pockets and good health.

Loc Tinh often stands with two other gods, Phuc and Tho, which our people often call Tam da (Phuc, Loc, Tho). The three gods Phuc, Loc, and Tho are placed with their backs at the door with the belief that they can lead fortune into the house, helping the family to flourish and prosper.

Vo Than Tai includes Trieu Cong Minh and Quan Cong. These are all popular deities applied in feng shui, playing the role of gatekeeper, protector, exorcist, exorcist.

According to feng shui, many homeowners have placed Quan Cong statue in their home with the desire to pray for the family to be protected and peaceful, have a good life and receive more blessings.

Quan Cong and Trieu Cong Minh are placed at the door, both helping to recharge the four directions and avoid the dangers of the eight directions.

Who is the God of Fortune?  How many Gods of Wealth are there?  What is special about the origin of the God of Wealth Day in Vietnamese culture and beliefs?  - Photo 4.

An illustration of the altar of the God of Fortune in Vietnamese beliefs

The custom of worshiping the God of Fortune of the Vietnamese people

In Vietnamese beliefs, the image of the God of Wealth mainly refers to a white bearded character, sitting on a throne holding a golden bundle, holding his stomach in front of him with a gentle and benevolent face.

The god of wealth came from China and imported to our country a long time ago, can follow the trading route of merchants. Currently, the need for economic development, business and trade is increasingly strong, to ensure the quality of family life, to increase the belief that many people worship the God of Wealth.

However, the Vietnamese people’s religious activities of worshiping the God of Fortune are much different from those of the Chinese. In Vietnam, people worship the God of Fortune with Ong Dia.

The place to worship the God of Wealth is usually located on the ground, close to the wall near the entrance. Offerings are also simple and up to the owner’s discretion.

The 10th day of January every year is chosen by Vietnamese people as the day of the God of Wealth. In particular, for many business people, the day of the God of Wealth is the most important. This is not only an opportunity to thank the owner for the blessing during an old year, but also a day to ask for a new soul and new luck to do business in harmony and gain fortune.

On this day, people also have the habit of going to buy gold at the beginning of the year to get a little luck, called “opening up the flow of wealth”, praying for their business.

Although “There is worship, there is abstinence, there is good”, the belief in worshiping the God of Fortune is a spiritual fulcrum to help people have the motivation to do business, but it is not because of that that the devotion rushes to buy gold. on this day, avoid being scammed and be disappointed by the “bubble” of the erratic market price of gold.



Arriving at Phu Tay Ho on the first day of reopening, Hanoians seem to be “relieved of their burdens” after being unable to go to Mass for a long time because of the epidemic.

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