The article Analyzing the crimes of the Ming invaders in the Binh Ngo Dai Cao by Nguyen Trai is an article that proves the crimes of the enemy as well as the righteousness of the Lam Son uprising. Through this article, we will understand more about the painful reality of our people under the more than twenty-year rule of the Northern government from 1407 to 1427.
Threads: Analyzing the crimes of the Ming invaders in Binh Ngo Dai Cao
Article table of contents:
I. Detailed outline
II. Sample essay
Analyzing the crimes of the Ming invaders in Binh Ngo Dai Cao
I. Outline Analyzing the crimes of the Ming invaders in the Binh Ngo Dai Cao (Standard)
1. Opening lesson:
– Nguyen Trai is a talented military poet and poet with great contributions to the nation’s culture and literature.
– His report on Binh Ngo Dai Dai is considered as the declaration of independence of our nation since 1428.
– The report expresses the idea of humanity as well as denounces the crimes of the Ming invaders.
2. Body of the article:
a. Conspiracy of the enemy’s invasion:
– Nguyen Trai used strong words to expose the conspiracy of the enemy.
+ In 1400, the Ho family robbed the Tran house and established Dai Ngu.
During more than six years in power, the Ho Dynasty carried out many reforms but were unpopular with the people.
+ The Tran nobles took the opportunity to harass and distort, making the situation in the country extremely complicated.
+ In that situation, the Minh invaders brought troops into our country with the slogan “Fu Tran destroy Ho” but the purpose was to invade our country.
– With words such as “people”, “exploit” and his own words, Nguyen Trai has exposed the Northern army’s “excessive murky water” plot for our country.
b. Crimes of the enemy:
– Giac Minh has committed heinous crimes against our people:
+ Treating our people like slaves, persecuting both adults and children: “grilling black people”, “burying red children”, thinking of many schemes to deceive the sky and deceive the people.
+ Set up a cruel rule of government with heavy taxes, labor, labor,…
+ Forcing our people to go to the sea to “search for pearls”, “to go to the forest to find gold”.
+ Catch precious animals, set traps everywhere.
=> Destruction and annihilation of people, the environment, all life of our nation.
+ Causing our people to perish in the deep sea, sacred forests, and poisonous water.
+ Our people have to suffer mourning, grief, separation: “Small children instead of wretched widows”.
+ The traditional profession of “farming” had to be “interrupted” because of “heavy hardships”.
– Those cruel actions of the enemy made Nguyen Trai extremely angry:
+ Using a series of words indicating contempt for the enemy such as “guy”, “kid”.
+ The art of enumeration was used by Nguyen Trai to describe in detail the crimes of the enemy.
+ Nguyen Trai used infinite things like “Nam Son bamboo” or “Dong Hai country” to compare with the crimes of the enemy: denouncing their heinous crimes.
– The strong condemnation: “How can heaven and earth forgive / Who said gods can stand it?”.
=> The crimes of the Ming army exceeded the limit, making it impossible for humans and heaven and earth to tolerate their actions.
c. General assessment:
– Value of content: Describes the plot as well as the barbaric crimes of the Ming army towards the people of our country as well as the poet’s hatred for them.
– Artistic value:
+ The main thesis voice is strong and strong.
+ The prose style is symmetrical, rich in images, listing all the crimes of the Ming invaders.
+ The voice of the poem changes flexibly depending on each passage.
+ The method of listing, selectively exaggerating to show us clearly the crimes of the enemy.
Affirm the meaning of the poem: describe the enemy’s crimes and deep hatred for the enemy.
II. Sample essay Analyzing the crimes of the Ming invaders in the Binh Ngo Dai Cao (Standard)
Nguyen Trai is a talented military man, at the same time he is also a very talented poet with a huge literary career. He left for posterity many works of profound value such as Du Di Chi, Uc Trai Thi Tap, Quan Trung Tu par Tap, … Especially the work Binh Ngo Dai Cao – the report is considered a declaration. the nation’s independence language since 1428. In his report, Nguyen Trai not only clearly expressed the humane thought of the Dai Viet nation, but also strongly denounced the crimes of the Ming invaders against our country.
Binh Ngo Dai Cao was written by Nguyen Trai under Le Loi’s orders to announce to the people the victory of the Lam Son uprising against the Northern invaders. During more than twenty years of the Ming invaders’ domination of our country, from 1407 to 1427, they established a government apparatus to assimilate our nation and plunder our country’s products. Not only that, they also create many unreasonable taxes, exploit our people’s labor, and rule our country with “barbaric” laws. Therefore, right from the first paragraph, Nguyen Trai raised his righteous thought to explain the Lam Son uprising, to prove the correctness of this uprising. In the second paragraph, Nguyen Trai once again used his sharp political rhetoric to expose the invasion plot of the enemy as well as denounce their heinous crimes.
Reading the first lines of the second paragraph in the Binh Ngo Dai Cao, we can see that Nguyen Trai used his words to expose the treacherous plots of the enemy, the bandits and the selling of the country, saying:
By the Ho family, the trouble is,
Let the people hold resentment in the country.
Minh’s mad army took the opportunity to cause disaster,
Evil people also sell water for glory.
In 1400, when the Tran family was weak, Ho Quy Ly seized power and established Dai Ngu. During the years of coming to power, Ho Quy Ly tried to reform as well as win the hearts of the people, but these reforms only made “the people’s hearts resentful”. Not only that, the exiled Tran aristocrats took advantage of the chaos of the Ho Dynasty and took advantage of the opportunity to misrepresent it, making the political situation of our country at that time extremely complicated, “politics” extremely “troublesome”. It was because of the complicated domestic situation that the Ho Dynasty could not handle, which created conditions for the Minh army to bring their troops to our country with the deceitful argument “to kill the Ho” but in fact to rob our country. Nguyen Trai cleverly put the word “human” right from the first verse to show the cunning of the enemy when they invaded our country wildly. The Minh enemy took advantage of the contradictions within the feudal groups of Vietnam at that time to “borrow the wind to break bamboo shoots” to invade our country. Together with the “villains selling the country for glory” they set up cliques to destroy our country and persecute our people. The author also used the word “excessive opportunity” to expose the treacherous claims as well as the “false benevolent” face of the enemy when marching into our country.
Exposing the conspiracy of the enemy army, Nguyen Trai continued to denounce the heinous crimes of the Ming invaders. They treat our people like slaves, for fun and entertainment.
Roast the niggers in a ferocious fire,
Bury the red one in the pit of disaster.
Lies to heaven and people with thousands of schemes,
Making enmity for decades.
The verse is the strongest evidence for the inhuman crimes of the Ming invaders. They tortured, tortured, and destroyed our innocent race, not only adults but also children – the “red children” they did not spare. Their crimes were soaked with the blood and tears of the people of Dai Viet. That is the painful reality picture that our people have had to go through during the “several decades” under the domination of the invading Ming army. They have “deceited the sky and deceived the people”, have “made enmity and made animosity” with the people of Dai Viet.
Not only that, for more than twenty years, from 1407 to 1427, the Minh aggressor set up a set of extremely barbaric rulers over our people. The barbaric punishments such as gutting people, cooking human flesh, … are executed by them without even a hint of “grievous”. They also imposed hundreds of heavy taxes, exploited our people to the extreme as well as plundered our country’s resources and products:
Defeat humanity and destroy heaven and earth,
Heavy taxes clean not swamp mountains.
People were forced into the sea to search for pearls, bored instead of sharks.
Those who are brought to the mountains to search for sand for gold, woe to the deep forests and poisoned water.
scavenge the produce, catch the birds and return the nets,
People interference, black deer traps, where pitfalls are located.
Nguyen Trai pointed out a series of atrocities committed by the Ming invaders towards our people such as: “forced into the sea to find pearls” causing our people to die because of “sharks and sharks”, others “were taken to the mountains”. Digging the sand to find gold” and then died of “deep forest, poisonous water”. They also “scramble products, catch birds to return”, “trap black deer”. How many rare and precious products of our country were forced to pay tribute and pay tribute. Then the young men were arrested and forced to work until they were exhausted. Not only that, they also destroy our living environment by “spreading nets” everywhere, setting traps everywhere. Those crimes of the Northern invaders were condensed by Nguyen Trai in more than ten lines of poetry, but we can also see the barbarism, brutality, genocide, and destruction of all life of the Minh army. It will be like an eternal stele denouncing the terrible crimes of the enemy against our country and our people.
As a result of that cruel rule, our people fell into mourning, grief, and separation: “Small children instead of poor widows”. It is the image of families having to be separated, husband and wife separated, mother losing children, children losing their father, suffering to the point of misery. And more than that, they also forced our people to “serve” and “fix” so that the people’s working and production life could not function normally. breakdow”:
Discard the whole farming profession.
Nguyen Trai’s hatred was pushed to a higher level as he used a series of words to describe his contempt for the enemy:
The boy opened his mouth, the boy bared his teeth, he was full of blood and fat and was not bored;
Now build a house, tomorrow build the ground, any limbs to serve to fit.
He called the Minh invaders with disdainful words such as “boy”, “child”. He considered them as wild beasts that only wanted to “suck” our people’s blood to the marrow of their bones. The art of enumeration has shown us the poet’s infinite hatred for his enemies as well as his infinite mercy for the people. Symmetrical parallel sentences are adjacent to each other denouncing the accumulated crimes of the enemy. That crime piled up like a mountain, forming a mass of hatred of our entire nation:
It’s cruel that Nam Son bamboo does not record all the crimes
Dirty changing Dong Hai water does not wash off the smell.
In an exaggerated style of writing, Nguyen Trai used infinite things like Lam Son bamboo and the sea water “Dong Hai” to compare with the infinite crimes committed by the enemy in our country. And ending with the last two verses, the poem is as sharp as a condemnation for the enemy:
How can heaven and earth forgive,
Who said gods can stand it?
The crimes committed by the Ming army in our country soon surpassed the infinity of heaven and earth, causing people to “hate” them to the bone, “heaven and earth” could not be tolerated.
In this passage, Nguyen Trai stood on the position of the people to expose the plots and crimes of the enemy, and criticized the barbarism and brutality of the enemy army. Still the same political essay style with a strong tone, symmetrical, and richly illustrated sentences have shown us the crime and deep hatred of Nguyen Trai for the enemy, and at the same time also showed us. I can see his sympathy and pain for the people of Dai Viet. The tone is changed flexibly, in accordance with the content of each paragraph. The method of selective enumeration and exaggeration reveals the barbaric crimes of the enemy, turning the second paragraph of Binh Ngo Dai Cao into a steely indictment.
The second paragraph of Dai Binh Ngo not only shows us the crimes committed by the Ming invaders to our nation, but also makes us further inculcate our people’s hatred of the enemy in order to fight back. that ignited the flame of the entire nation’s struggle. With an excellent penmanship mixed with lyrical inspiration, Nguyen Trai’s Binh Ngo Dai Cao is worthy of a “heroic fairy tale” that will last forever.
Binh Ngo Dai Cao is considered a “heroic ancient fairy” of our nation. Because it contains not only noble thoughts but also shows us the reality of the enemy’s crimes against our people. Let’s find out through the articles Analyze the just thesis in the first paragraph of Binh Ngo Dai CaoAnalysis of independent thought expressed by Nguyen Trai in Binh Ngo Dai Cao, Discourse on the work Great Communiqué Ping NgoAnalyze the image of Prime Minister Le Loi in the Great Report of Binh Ngo to better understand this extremely special work!
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